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-高中毕业班阶段性测试(三)英语附答案.doc

-高中毕业班阶段性测试(三)英语附答案.doc

-高中毕业班阶段性测试(三)英语附答案.doc

-高中毕业班阶段性测试(三)英语附答案.doc

-高中毕业班阶段性测试(三)英语附答案.doc

-高中毕业班阶段性测试(三)英语附答案.doc

-高中毕业班阶段性测试(三)英语附答案.doc

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绝密★启用前 2020-2021学年高中毕业班阶段性测试(三)英语 考生注意: 1.答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名、考生号填写在试卷和答题卡上,并将考生号条形码粘贴在答题卡上的指定位置。 2.回答选择题时,选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。回答非选择题时,将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。 3.考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。 第一部分听力(共两节,满分30分) 做题时,先将答案标在试卷上,录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。 第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分) 听下面5段对话,每段对话后有一个小题。从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 例: How much is the shirt? A.£19.15. B.£9.18. C.£9.15. 答案是C。 1.What does the man mean? A. The woman might have made a mistake. B. The woman should go to Washington to listen to the concert. C. He thinks the singer is visiting the downtown area. 2. Where did the woman live before she moved? A. In an apartment on University Avenue. B. In an apartment in a foreign country. C. In a house in another city. 3. What is the man doing now? A. He is drinking some coffee. B. He is dealing with some notes. C. He is attending a discussion. 4. What’s the man’s attitude toward the coat? A. He likes it very much. B. He doesn’t like its color. C. He thinks it is very bad. 5.Which book has the woman borrowed? A. The history book. B. The math book.C. The chemistry book. 第二节(共15小题,每小题1.5分,满分22.5分) 听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。 6. Why doesn’t Jack want to go to see the doctor? A. He has taken some medicine. B. He is short of money. C. He doesn’t want to miss any work. 7. What’s the woman’s opinion of missing 2 or 3 days? A. It’s worthwhile.B. It’s useless.C. It’s challenging. 听第7段材料,回答第8,9题。 8. What is the man? A. An operator.B. A waiter.C. A teacher. 9. What happened to the woman’s brother? A. He fell down the stairs and hit his leg. B. He fell down the cliff and hit his back. C. He fell down the stairs and hit his head. 听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。 10. Where are the speakers probably? A. In a hospital.B. In a factory.C. In a school. 11.What does the woman need right now? A. An X-ray test.B. An operation.C. Some rest. 12. Who died from heart disease? A. The woman’s father.B. The woman’s mother.C. The woman’s grandfather. 听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。 13. What does the woman suggest doing? A. Leaving work early.B. Watching a movie. C. Having dinner before the movie. 14. What will the speakers watch? A. A thriller.B. A comedy. C. A science-fiction movie. 15. When does the movie the speakers want to watch start? A.At6:00.B. At 6:30.C. At 7:00. 16.What will the man do with his work? A. He will finish it before watching a movie. B. He will stay up to finish it tonight. C. He will do it tomorrow. 听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。 17. What did George search for at the beginning? A. The dentist’s building.B. A parking place.C. The square. 18.Why did George come to the square? A. To meet a friend. B. To talk with a doctor. C. To calm down and enjoy the afternoon sun. 19. Where was George’s car when he found it? A. Behind a larger car.B. In front of a larger car.C. In the square. 20. Why did George feel relieved? A. Because he met his dentist. B. Because he found his keys in his car. C. Because he got the sympathy of others. 第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分) 第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Visitors with limited mobility are encouraged to use the covered drop-off lane(车道)at the Main Street entrance to the Beck Building. From the Beck Building, most public areas of the Museum, including the galleries, Brown Auditorium Theater, Visitor Center, cafe, and shop are wheelchair-accessible. The Cullen Sculpture Garden is also accessible. The MFAH has wheelchairs that visitors may check out free of charge with a valid photo ID. The wheelchairs are available from the bag- and coat-check desks in the lobbies of the Beck Building, Law Building, and Visitor Center on a "first come, first served" basis. Parking Information A new underground parking garage, located at 5101 Montrose Boulevard, is open, joining the existing parking garage at 1144 Binz. The outdoor lot across from 1001 Bissonnet is closed permanently. We recommend that guests with limited mobility use the covered drop-off lane at the Main Street entrance to the Beck Building. Both the Montrose and the Binz parking garages feature wheelchair-accessible parking, but please note that the garage at 1144 Binz is closer to a Museum entrance. As you head toward the Museum from the Montrose garage, enjoy the art and nature in the Cullen Sculpture Garden, created by sculptor Isamu Noguchi. Parking Garage Hours 6 a. m. to 7 p. m. Parking Fees *Parking payments may be made only with a major credit card. *Parking is free in both garages for MFAH visitors who enter the Museum between 5 p. m. and 9 p. m. onThursdays. General admission to the Museum is free on Thursdays. 21.Where can visitors find free wheelchairs to use? A. Law Building.B. 5101 Montrose Boulevard. C. The Cullen Sculpture Garden.D. Brown Auditorium Theater. 22. What is the advantage of going through the Montrose garage? A. Getting a wheelchair for free. B. Having a good parking place. C. Walking the shortest distance. D. Having a chance of enjoying arts. 23. How much should a MFAH member pay for parking five hours on Monday? A. $6. B. $10.C. $18.D. $35. B When I first saw the headline "Your Business Casual Attire(服装)Is Destroying the Planet", I assumed it referred to microplastic pollution or something along those lines. But upon closer reading, I realized the author was making a rather different but interesting point. What people wear to work affects the transportation they use to get to work. When someone insists on wearing "workplace attire", which typically means snugly tailored trousers, button-up tops, pencil skirts, suit jackets or mid-length dresses, it makes them unwilling to jump on a bike or walk any real distance. In an effort to preserve the look-and perhaps for ease of movement as well-they get into their cars instead. Eben Weiss, the author of the article, argues this has to change. He thinks it's absurd that people have to worry about their clothes. If people dressed somewhat differently for work, they could still look tidy and professional, while also being ready to use human-powered energy to get there. Traffic in urban areas would be reduced;personal health would improve through daily exercise. In order for this to change, however, workplace standards have to evolve and become more flexible. This is riot an unrealistic expectation, considering that "it wasn't that long ago that jeans were only for mining and T-shirts were underwear." There are plenty of in-between clothing choices that would allow one to ride a bicyclecomfortably and still look neat for work. It makes me think of my colleague's article on walking, and how it is a form of climate action. He wrote, "What we have to do is everything we possibly can to encourage walking. That means making our streets more comfortable for walking, even if we have to take space back from parking and from roads." This is all true, but it also requires you to buy a pair of comfortable shoes that makes walking a pleasant thing to do. The same goes forpants and shirts when riding a bicycle. 24. What does Eben Weiss think of "workplace attire"? A. Fashionable.B. Inconvenient. C. Ugly.D. Comfortable. 25. Why are jeans and T-shirts mentioned? A. To call on people to dress casually. B. To prove people's preference in clothes. C. To show workplace standards can change.D. To indicate they are the best clothing choices. 26. What does the underlined word "That" in the last paragraph refer to? A. Taking space from roads.B. The requirement to ride. C. The author's colleague’s article.D. Something possibly to be done. 27. What can be the best title for the text? A. Dressing Properly Means a Lot in Workplace B. Means of Transportation Affects Climate Change C. Choosing Wrong Clothes Will Destroy Our Planet D. Office Clothes Are a Barrier to Green Transportation C At the Green Free School in Copenhagen, students learn how to read and write and they study math and science. But the curriculum centers on sustainability(可持续性). The goal of the school is to prepare the students-about 200 of them, ranging in age from 6 to 15-for the green "transition." That’s the transformation toward a sustainable society. As a filmmaker, Ambo says she has always learned how to be around the world in a respectful way. Yet, she never saw that respect taught to children in Danish schools. "So we founded a school where sustainable learning was the focus," she says. The school's syllabus(教学大纲)is modeled on systems thinking and project learning. Systems thinking is a way of learning that looks at how the pieces of a puzzle are related, instead of just looking at one small part. For example, how is a tree interconnected with other living things and what happens if part of the connection breaks along the way? Students also focus on project learning and hands-on thinking. They grow vegetables in the garden or look for wild mushrooms, draw pictures of them, then learn how to cook them and eat them. They do experiments on fibers and clothing, learning how much heat it takes to melt a piece of thread. "They learn at an early age how to make their own data and be critical and curious about what kind of data they are presented with," Ambo says. They take classes to identify greenwashing as well, which is learning how to see through misleading claims about whether a company or a product or a material is truly sustainable or environmentally sound. Although traditional education is still important at the school, students don't have tests or exams, which makes it different from other kinds of schools. Those parents who choose the school just because of its smaller size sometimes don't stay very long, Ambo says. 28.What does Ambo aim to do? A. Train filmmakers.B. Teach sustainable learning. C. Popularize compulsory education.D. Educate kids to respect others. 29. What does paragraph 5 mainly talk about? A. Learning styles.B. Teaching aims. C. The concept of syllabus.D. Examples of systems thinking. 30. What does the underlined word "greenwashing" probably mean? A. A method of ridding products of green colour. B. A skill to see through misleading claims or lies. C. A technique to make materials truly sustainable. D. A behavior to pretend to be environmentally concerned. 31.What makes the Green Free School special? A. The school is free for poor children. B. The students cook meals on their own. C. Students don’t need to worry about exams.D. Traditional education is especially important. D In a recent interview, Lisa Feldman Barrett, Professor of Psychology at Northeastern University, offered some advice to older people to help them keep their cognitive(认知)skills as finely tuned as possible. Challenge yourself on a regular basis, she urged, but don't just do so casually. Study any new topic hard, until you feel tired and frustrated. This level of effort, she added, is associated with increases in the ease of communication within the brain and, as a result, cognitive skills will be improved. Her advice is based on a study of "superagers", individuals of 65 years or older, whose cognitive skills are as acute as the average 25-year-olds. Lisa believes that what sets superagers apart is their ability to use the unpleasant feelings they experience when challenging themselves as a signal to keep going, rather than as a warning to stop and rest. While she provides convincing data to prove how cognitively young these superagers are, I'm not sure her conclusion about why this is so gives the whole picture. Are superagers simply those who ignore, or even welcome, the pain and frustration that comes with intense mental effort? Or is there some other reason why they spend so much time and effort challenging themselves? This is important, because if the only way to maintain youthful cognitive skills is to expose ourselves regularly to pain and frustration, it doesn't make old age look particularly inviting. Contrary to her opinion, I think "enjoyable" is the key. If what you're doing is enjoyable, you're more likely to keep working hard at it-probably without even noticing any discomfort. Making yourself work until you're exhausted and frustrated holds little appeal. On the other hand, finding an activity you love so much that you don’t even notice when you’re pushing yourself hard seems a far moreattractive way to keep your brain active as you grow older. 32. What does Lisa advise older people to do? A. Work on in spite of feeling bored. B. Push themselves hard in new fields. C. Relax by communicating with others.D. Challenge each other on a regular basis. 33.What matters in keeping the "superagers" sharp according to Lisa? A. They can respond to warnings in time. B. They have the ability to adjust flexibly. C. They regard pains in study as driving power. D. They can make use of disadvantages in work. 34. What does the author doubt? A. The data that the study provides. B. The conclusion that "superagers" are acute. C. The idea that cognitive skills can be improved. D. The reason for "superagers" keeping brains active. 35. What does the author agree with? A. Unpleasant feelings do harm to people. B. Cognitive skills improve slowly with age. C. Enjoyable work makes people ignore discomfort. D. Doing appealing work makes people look young. 第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Black box recorders are used to store data about a plane and its operating environment in the event of a crash.There are two types of black box:the CVR or Cockpit Voice Recorder, and the FDR or Flight Data Recorder. 36 And when combined, the information can be used to build up a picture of what happened during a crash. The Cockpit Voice Recorder picks up sound from inside the cockpit(机舱), including the pilot headset microphones and those of any other cockpit staff. There's also a microphone in the cockpit.37They used to be tape recorders but are flash drives now. These record around two hours of information at a time, recording over and replacing older audio. The CVR allows listeners to find out what the cockpit staff were doing in the event ofthe crash.38 The Flight Data Recorder, on the other hand, records important information about what the plane was doing at the time.39Typically it includes factors like speed, altitude and engine performance. 40 Sensors that feed data to black box recorders are located in key areas of the plane, such as the engine and wings. The actual black boxes are located at the hack of the plane beneath the tail. This location lessens the chance of the black box being destroyed, as it's not in an area which would take the impact of a head-on or belly-down crash. A. How do the sensors work? B. Then where are they kept? C. Both record different types o
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