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高考重庆卷英语解析版.doc

高考重庆卷英语解析版.doc

高考重庆卷英语解析版.doc

高考重庆卷英语解析版.doc

高考重庆卷英语解析版.doc

高考重庆卷英语解析版.doc

高考重庆卷英语解析版.doc

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2013高考重庆卷英语解析版 2013年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(重庆卷) 二、单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分) 请从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 21(I felt very tired when I got home,and I straight to bed. A(go B(went C(had gone D(have gone 答案 B 解析 考查时态。句意为:当我到家时感到很累~所以就直接上床睡觉了。句子描述的 是发生在过去的事~故用一般过去时。 22(—Would you like a glass of wine? — .I don’t drink. A(No,thanks B(Yes,please C(I don’t like it D(It’s my favorite 答案 A 解析 考查交际用语。根据答语“I don’t drink.”可知~后者拒绝了前者的建议~故用 “No~thanks.”表示有礼貌的拒绝。 23(It’s not easy to change habits, with awareness and self-control,it is possible. A(for B(or C(but D(so 答案 C 解析 考查连词。句意为:改变习惯不容易~但是如果有了想改变的意识和自控力~(改 变习惯)也是可能的。前后句之间为转折关系~故选C项。 24(John invited about 40 people to his wedding,most of are family members. A them B(that C(which D(whom 答案 D 解析 考查定语从句。句意为:约翰大约邀请了40人参加他的婚礼~其中大多数是他的 家人。前后句之间是逗号~故答案不可能是A项,that不引导非限制性定语从句,先行 词是40 people~指人~故关系代词用whom。 25( we have enough evidence,we can’t win the case. A(Once B(As long as C(Unless D(Since 答案 C 解析 考查状语从句。句意为:除非我们有足够的证据~否则我们打不赢这个官司。前句是后句得以发生的条件~故用unless (if...not)引导。 26(—What are you doing this Saturday? —I’m not sure,but I go to the Rolling Stones concert. A(must B(would C(should D(might 答案 D 解析 考查情态动词。四个选项都表示推测。must表示的可能性最大~其次是would~should~might。根据答语中的“I’m not sure”可知~此处表示的可能性较小~故用might。 27(It was with the help of the local guide the mountain climber was rescued. A(who B(that C(when D(how 答案 B 解析 考查强调句型。句意为:是在当地向导的帮助下~登山者才被营救出来。强调句型的结构是:It is/was,被强调部分,that...~故答案为B项。 28( struck me most in the movie was the father’s deep love for his son. A(That B(It C(What D(Which 答案 C 解析 考查名词性从句连接词辨析。句意为:电影中给我留下深刻印象的是父亲对儿子深深的爱。“ struck me most in the movie”在句中作主语~且该主语从句中谓语动词struck缺少主语~故选择what (,the thing that)。that引导主语从句不担任成分,it不是连词,which“(无论)哪一个”~表示在一个限定范围内进行选择~均不符合题意。 29(—It rained cats and dogs this morning.I’m glad we took an umbrella. Yeah,we would have got wet all over if we . — A(hadn’t B(haven’t C(didn’t D(don’t 答案 A 解析 考查虚拟语气。根据第一句可知~下雨、带伞都是发生在过去的事情~故第二句“如果我们没带伞的话~全身都会淋湿的”这一情景是与过去事实相反的假设~故if条件句用过去完成时~主句用“would/should/might/could,have done”。 30(When I was little,my mother used to sit by my bed, me stories till I fell asleep. A(having told B(telling C(told D(to tell 答案 B 解析 考查非谓语动词。句意为:小时候~妈妈常常坐在我的床边给我讲故事一直到我睡着。tell表示的动作和谓语动词的动作同时进行~在句中作伴随状语~故答案为B项。 31(Recycling is one way to protect the environment;reusing is . A(another B(the other C(one another D(one 答案 A 解析 考查代词。句意为:回收利用是保护环境的一种方法~重复利用是另外一种方法。the other是两者之中的另一„„,another是三者或三者以上之中的另一„„。保护环境的方法有很多~故不能选B项,one another意为“互相”~不合题意。 32(The parents were shocked by news that their son needed operation on his knee. A(a;/ B(the;/ C(the;an D(a;an 答案 C 解析 考查冠词。句中的news指的是that从句的内容~所以此处的news是特指~故要用定冠词the,第二空处意为“需要做一次手术”~为泛指~故要用不定冠词。 33(A Midsummer Night’s Dream at the Theatre Royal on 19th June,and then tours throughout Scotland. A(opens B(is opened C(will open D(will be opened 答案 A 解析 考查时态。句意为:《仲夏夜之梦》将于6月19日在皇家戏院上演~然后去整个苏格兰巡演。此处为按照时间表、计划将要发生的动作~故用一般现在时表示将来。而且and作为并列连词时~连接结构完全相同的两个部分~此处and前后句之间的动作表示的都是将来~后一句用了一般现在时~前句也要用一般现在时。 34(The engine just won’t start.Something seems wrong with it. A(to go B(to have gone C(going D(having gone 答案 B 解析 考查非谓语动词。动词seem后只能接不定式~不接doing~故排除C、D两项~又go wrong动作发生在谓语动词之前~故用不定式的完成式。 35(—Forgotten something,I can keep an eye on your kids if you want to go and get it. — Thank you all the same. A(It’s very kind of you. B(Oh,how careless of me! C(I might as well go and get it. D(Well,I can do without it. 答案 D 解析 考查交际用语。句意为:——忘东西了吗,如果你想回去取的话~我可以照看你 的孩子。——哦~没有也行。还是要谢谢你。由“Thank you all the same.”可知~答话 者不需要回去取东西~故选D项。 三、完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分) 请阅读下面两篇短文,掌握大意,然后从36,55各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出最佳选项。 A When Joe was about to start school,all signs pointed to success.Yet things turned out to be quite 36 .The fourth grade even found him at the 37 of the class.Joe struggled day and night,but it did not 38 —until one stormy afternoon. On that afternoon, 39 the math teacher started to introduce difficult concepts,dark clouds covered the sky,and the storm set in.Hard though she tried to make the kids 40 ,the thunder won the battle for their attention.No one 41 the concepts.Except for Joe.He understood them and answered all the questions correctly.The teacher patted him on the back,and told him to go around to the others and explain how he had managed it. 42 by his newfound success,Joe moved quickly throughout the room.Soon math time was followed by the time for 43 .All children naturally drew 44 pictures on such a day.Except for Joe. Since then,Joe started 45 .Though he never made it to the top,his math teacher was always 46 and curious about the change:Why had that stormy day changed Joe? On the day Joe graduated,he presented the teacher with his most 47 possession—the picture of bright yellow sun.On the picture Joe had written:This is the day I 48 my brightness. 36(A.unfair B(boring C(disappointing D(dangerous 答案 C 解析 前边句子中出现了success~然后用yet(但是)转折~与success相对应的应该是不 成功~故填disappointing (令人失望的)。 37(A.center B(top C(beginning D(bottom 答案 D 解析 通过前一句中的“...things turned out to be quite .”和后边的“Joe struggled day and night~but it did not ...”~可知Joe的学习在四年级时已经下 降到了班级的后几名了。 38(A.happen B(work C(finish D(last 答案 B 解析 句意为:虽然乔日夜努力~但是效果不理想。work起作用~有效果。 39(A.until B(since C(because D(as 答案 D 解析 考查连词。天空布满了乌云是发生在数学老师开始讲解概念时。此处as引导时间 状语从句~意为“当„„时”。 40(A.concentrate B(change C(hide D(sit 答案 A 解析 天空乌云密布、电闪雷鸣~学生的注意力肯定会分散~所以在课堂上老师努力做 的是让学生们集中注意力(concentrate)。 41(A.challenged B(grasped C(doubted D(admitted 答案 B 解析 由于受到外部环境的影响~学生没心上课~所以当时没有人能掌握(grasp)老师讲 的概念~由下文中的“...except for Joe.He understood them and answered...”也可确定答案 为B项。 42(A.Relieved B(Surprised C(Encouraged D(Puzzled C 答案 解析 由“...by his newfound success~Joe moved quickly throughout the room.”可知~Joe 受到了刚才成功的鼓舞。 43(A.class B(sports C(art D(tea 答案 C 解析 从下文中的“All children naturally drew pictures...”可知~这是一堂美 术课(art)。 44(A.great B(dark C(different D(strange 答案 B 解析 学生在这么一个恶劣的天气里作画~画的内容肯定要和当时乌云密布的天空相适 应。故选B项。 45(A.improving B(painting C(recovering D(studying 答案 A 解析 由下文中的“Though he never made it to the top~...”以及“Why had that stormy day changed Joe,”可知~从这一天开始~Joe的学习开始进步。 46(A.worried B(amazed C(friendly D(cautious 答案 B 解析 老师对Joe的变化感到吃惊和好奇~故选B项。 47(A.familiar B(expensive C(admirable D(precious 答案 D 解析 到毕业的那天~Joe才把当时画的画交给老师~保存了这么久~所以一定是珍贵 的东西。 48(A.woke up to B(put up with C(got on with D(looked down upon 答案 A 解析 Joe在发生暴风雨的那天学习开始有了起色~所以他在图画中写道:这是我意识 到我的聪明的那一天。wake up to意识到~觉察到~符合题意。put up with容忍,get on with 相处~进展,look down upon轻视~均不合题意。 B It is easy to overlook the role that your body plays in influencing your mood(情绪)(When you are 49 ,you may find yourself blaming work pressures or an unknown future.However,it could just be that you’ve been sitting behind your desk too long. One way to improve your mood is 50 .Psychologically,it provides you with a break from the stresses in your life.Also,in the process,you may aim for 51 goals,like a new personal running record or a better body shape.The achievement of a particular goal makes you feel good and contributes to your 52 .That is why exercise has been shown to 53 your self-respect. You do not have to train yourself 54 to feel the psychological benefits of exercise.What really matters is 55 ,not intensity(强度) of your exercise.You can try walking for 30 minutes five times per week or simply gardening on weekends. 49(A.ill B(poor C(unhappy D(unsuccessful 答案 C 解析 结合上句末的单词“mood(情绪)”~四个答案中只有C项(unhappy)才是一种情绪。 50(A.play B(communication C(sleep D(exercise 答案 D 解析 做好此题要充分利用好下文。从本段最后一句“That is why exercise has been shown to your self-respect.”可得出本题答案。 51(A.clear B(present C(common D(early 答案 A 解析 从下文的“...like a new personal running record or a better body shape.”可知~这些 都是具体明确的(clear)目标。 52(A.ability B(relationship C(confidence D(business 答案 C 解析 一个特定目标的实现会让你感觉良好~并有助于信心的提高。下文的self-respect 也是提示。 53(A.tear down B(build up C(set aside D(give out 答案 B 解析 身体锻炼会有助于增强自尊。build up one’s self-respect增强自尊。 54(A.hard B(everywhere C(carefully D(late A 答案 解析 通过下文中的“...not intensity(强度) of your exercise.”可知~此处强调没必要锻炼 的那么刻苦(hard)。 55(A.time B(length C(form D(frequency 答案 D 解析 由下文“You can try walking for 30 minutes five times per week or simply gardening on weekends.”可知~对于锻炼~要紧的是次数/频率(frequency)而不是强度。 四、阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分) 请阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。 A The morning had been a disaster.My tooth was aching,and I’d been in an argument with a friend.Her words still hurt,“The trouble with you is that you won’t put yourself in my place.Can’t you see things from my point of view,” I shook my head stubbornly—and felt the ache in my tooth.I’d thought I could hold out till my dentist came back from holiday,but the pain was really unbearable.I started calling the dentists in the phone book,but no one could see me immediately.Finally,at about lunchtime,I got lucky. “If you come by right now,” the receptionist said,“the dentist will fit you in.” I took my purse and keys and rushed to my car.But suddenly I began to doubt about the dentist.What kind of dentist would be so eager to treat someone at such short notice,Why wasn’t he as busy as the others? In the dentist’s office,I sat down and looked around.I saw nothing but the bare walls and I became even more worried.The assistant noticed my nervousness and placed her warm hand over my ice-cold one. When I told her my fears,she laughed and said,“Don’t worry.The dentist is very good.” “How long do I have to wait for him,” I asked impatiently. “Come on,he is coming.Just lie down and relax.And enjoy the artwork,” the assistant said. “The artwork,” I was puzzled. The chair went back.Suddenly I smiled.There was a beautiful picture,right where I could enjoy it:on the ceiling.How considerate the dentist was~At that moment,I began to understand what my friend meant by her words. What a relief! 56(Which of the following best describes the author’s feeling that morning? A(Cheerful. B(Nervous. C(Satisfied. D(Upset. 答案 D 解析 推理判断题。从第一段中的a disaster~aching~hurt等字眼~我们可以推断出那 天早晨作者的感觉是upset(烦恼的、生气的)。 57(What made the author begin to doubt about the dentist? A(The dentist’s agreeing to treat her at very short notice. B(The dentist’s being as busy as the other dentists. C(The surroundings of the dentist’s office. D(The laughing assistant of the dentist. 答案 A 解析 细节理解题。根据第三段中的“But suddenly I began to doubt about the dentist.What kind of dentist would be so eager to treat someone at such short notice,”可确定答案为A 项。 58(Why did the author suddenly smile? A(Because the dentist came at last. B(Because she saw a picture on the ceiling. C(Because she could relax in the chair. D(Because the assistant kept comforting her. 答案 B 解析 细节理解题。根据倒数第二段中的“...suddenly I smiled.There was a beautiful picture~right where I could enjoy it:on the ceiling.”可知~答案为B项。 59(What did the author learn from her experience most probably? A(Strike while the iron is hot. B(Have a good word for one’s friend. C(Put oneself in other’s shoes. D(A friend in need is a friend indeed. 答案 C 解析 推理判断题。由倒数第二段中的“At that moment~I began to understand what my friend meant by her words.”及第一段中“我”朋友说的话“The trouble with you is that you won’t put yourself in my place.”可知~答案为C项。 B One of the greatest gifts one generation can give to other generations is the wisdom it has gained from experience.This idea has inspired the award-winning photographer Andrew Zuckerman.He interviewed and took photos of fifty over-sixty-five-year-olds all over the world.His project explores various aspects of their lives.The photos and interviews are now available on our website. Click on the introductions to read the complete interviews. Let us now have a culture of peace. ,Federico Mayor Zaragoza,Spain Federico Mayor Zaragoza obtained a doctorate in pharmacy(药学)from the Complutense University of Madrid in 1958.After many years spent in politics, he became Director-General of UNESCO in 1987.In 1999,he created the Foundation for a Culture of Peace,of which he is now the president.In addition to many scientific publications,he has published four collections of poems and several books of essays. Writing is a discovery. ,Nadine Gordimer,South Africa Due to a weak heart,Nadine Gordimer attended school and university briefly.She read widely and began writing at an early age.She published her first short story at the age of fifteen,and has completed a large number of works,which have been translated into forty languages.In 1991,Gordimer won the Nobel Prize for Literature. Jazz is about the only form of art today. ,Dave Brubeck,USA Dave Brubeck studied music at the University of the Pacific and graduated in 1942.After World War Two he was encouraged to play jazz.In 1951,he recorded his first album(专辑)(Brubeck’s 1959 album has become a jazz standard.He received a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1996. For more figures CLICK HERE. 60(Why did Andrew Zuckerman choose the fifty elders for his project? A(Because their wisdom deserves to be passed on. B(Because they are physically impressive. C(Because their accomplishments inspired him. D(Because they have similar experiences. 答案 A 解析 推理判断题。从文章的第一句“一代人给予另一代人的最伟大的礼物就是从经验 中获得的智慧”~只有年龄大的人经历多~经验才多~所以作者才选择老年人作为研究 对象。 61(According to the web page,Federico Mayor Zaragoza . A(has won many awards for his work in politics B(has served as the president of a university C(has devoted all his life to the field of science D(has made achievements in different areas 答案 D 解析 细节理解题。从对此人物的介绍中~我们看出他在pharmacy~politics~literature 等方面都颇有建树~故D项符合要求。 62(Who most probably said “My education has been the library and books” in the interview when reflecting on his/her experience? A(Andrew Zuckerman. B(Federico Mayor Zaragoza. C(Nadine Gordimer. D(Dave Brubeck. 答案 C 解析 细节理解题。从对第三个人物介绍中的“...Nadine Gordimer attended school and university briefly.She read widely and began writing...”可看出正确答案为C项。 63(What is the main purpose of this web page? A(To show Zuckerman’s awards. B(To publicize Zuckerman’s project. C(To spread the wisdom of the three people. D(To celebrate the achievements of the three people. 答案 B 解析 写作意图题。从第一段中的“His project explores various aspects of their lives...Click on the introductions to read the complete interviews.”可知此网页的目的是公 布其采访结果~故B项符合题意。 C Almost every machine with moving parts has wheels,yet no one knows exactly when the first wheel was invented or what it was used for.We do know,however,that they existed over 5,500 years ago in ancient Asia. The oldest known transport wheel was discovered in 2002 in Slovenia.It is over 5,100 years old.Evidence suggests that wheels for transport didn’t become popular for a while,though.This could be because animals did a perfectly go
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